Thoughts on construction law from Christopher G. Hill, Virginia construction lawyer, LEED AP, mediator, and member of the Virginia Legal Elite in Construction Law

Don’t Just Document- Document Right!

Read Your Insurance ContractsI have stated to clients on many occasions that paper is a lawyer’s best friend. Because of a recent case from the Virginia Supreme Court, I should modify that to the correct paper is a lawyer’s best friend. In Commonwealth v. AMEC Civil, LLC, AMEC sued the Virginia Department of Transportation (“VDOT”) seeking more than $21 million in damages. The Mecklenburg County Circuit Court granted AMEC almost all of its damages and found that AMEC’s notice of intent to make a claim was proper under the Virginia Code even if it was not in the proper form.

VDOT appealed, claiming that the notice was not in fact proper. The Virginia Court of Appeals agreed with VDOT and overturned the trial court’s findings that the notice was both timely and sufficient. In so holding, the court stated that, of the more than 500 letters relating to the project and stating various concerns, AMEC only mentioned a potential claim in a few of them, and as such, AMEC did not properly notify VDOT of its intent to file a claim. The Virginia Supreme Court affirmed, giving a serious smackdown to AMEC to the tune of millions of dollars.

Essentially, the Virginia Supreme Court applied the same strict construction to the notice statute that it applies to mechanic’s liens and contracts. Aside from the takeaways listed in the great post by @timrhughes at the Virginia Real Estate, Land Use & Construction Law blog (linked above), the point to be emphasized here is that it does not matter if the failure to follow the notice procedure caused any harm, like with a contract or a lien, the Virginia Court’s will stick to the letter of the law, particularly when it comes to suing the Commonwealth.

For this reason, contractors and subcontractors need to consult their attorneys and make sure they understand not only the construction documents that control their project, but the statutes as well.

Image via stock.xchng.

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4 Responses to Don’t Just Document- Document Right!

  1. […] In Virginia for instance, parties cannot be held to their intent to contract (the so called, agreement to agree) but an oral/unsigned contract where the parties have clearly agreed on the contract terms and fully intend to perform under those terms will be enforced. Another example of potential confusion is in the change order process. While a contractor can survive (and possibly collect) on unwritten change orders, under most circumstances, statutory or contractual processes must be followed to the letter. […]

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