More on Fraud, Opinions and Contracts

Originally posted 2011-05-09 09:00:53.

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Here at Construction Law Musings, I have discussed the interaction between fraud and contracts on many occasions.  Recently, I got to put my advice into action.  I am counsel for the plaintiff in the matter of Environmental Staffing Acquisition Corp. v. Beamon, et. al. in the Portsmouth, VA Circuit Court and recently got a great opinion (.pdf) right on point that was recently featured in Virginia Lawyers Weekly.

The basic facts are these.  My client, Environmental Staffing (En-Staff) filed a Little Miller Act claim and a claim for breach of contract for Beamon’s failure to pay for temporary staffing that En-Staff provided it at the Jeffry Wilson housing project demolition in Portsmouth, VA.  Beamon then counterclaimed for fraud and breach of contract claiming that some statements to the effect that a particular supervisor was qualified along with presentation of the individual’s resume constituted fraud.  My client demurred to the two fraud counts (actual and constructive).

The Circuit Court agreed with En-Staff and adopted a couple of my arguments.  Aside from the argument that works in most contexts (i. e. that where the duty to act a certain way is based in contract, there can be no fraud), the Court stated that statements like those made by the employee of En-Staff (see the opinion for specifics) were merely sales talk.  Additionally, the Court set forth a test for the difference between statements of opinion (not fraud) and statements of fact (possibly fraud).  The Court also discussed how the ability to investigate the claimed fraudulent statements may impact the analysis.  The Court then concluded that no fraud occurred and that, as expected, Beamon had to proceed under a contract theory.

In short, I recommend the opinion as a good discussion of the interaction between fraud and contract (and not just because the Court sided with me).  The nuances discussed show why contractors and other construction professionals should discuss their claims with an experienced Virginia construction lawyer prior to deciding how to proceed.

As always, I welcome and encourage your comments below, please share your thoughts.  Also, please subscribe to keep up with the latest Construction Law Musings.

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7 Responses to More on Fraud, Opinions and Contracts
  1. [...] reading Musings for any period of time, you’ve read about the fact that in most instances tort (i. e. negligence or fraud) claims and contract claims do not mix.  Notice I said rarely.  As is usually the case with a blanket statement like the one above, the [...]

  2. [...] reading Musings for any period of time, you’ve read about the fact that in most instances tort (i. e. negligence or fraud) claims and contract claims do not mix.  Notice I said rarely.  As is usually the case with a blanket statement like the one above, the [...]

  3. Gordon McInnes
    August 30, 2011 | 10:43 PM

    Within tort law a claim of this sort can, if certain requirements are satisfied to the nature of the relationship between the parties, be based on negligent misrepresentation: a duty of care in negligence has been recognized as arising in situations where there the relationship between two parties in negotiations leading up to a contract between them, is such that the situation is one where one of the parties reasonably relies on the other for information on the basis of which then the contract is then entered into, and that other can be seen as in a position he has assumed a responsibility for the information. Owing to the perception that commercial parties normally can be taken as not having assumed other than by contract any duties to the other party in the negotiation, such a situation will not be readily recognized, as pointed out by the writer.

    Regards,
    Gordon Mclnnes

  4. Christopher G. Hill
    Twitter:
    September 1, 2011 | 1:55 PM

    Thanks for checking in Gordon, I appreciate your readership.
    Christopher G. Hill recently posted..Tort or Contract? It’s All in the PleadingMy Profile

  5. [...] More on Fraud, Opinions and Contracts (constructionlawva.com) [...]

  6. [...] any party is supposed to perform under a contract, and fails to do so, the Virginia courts will dismiss a fraud claim out of a desire to avoid turning any breach of contract (read “broken promise”) case [...]

  7. Rob Pitkin
    Twitter:
    September 28, 2013 | 10:43 AM

    Chris, congratulations on your victory! I continue to fight this same battle on what seems like a daily basis here in Missouri and Kansas.

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About Musings

I am a construction lawyer in Richmond, Virginia, a LEED AP, and have been nominated by my peers to Virginia's Legal Elite in Construction Law on multiple occasions. I provide advice and assistance with mechanic's liens, contract review and consulting, occupational safety issues (VOSH and OSHA), and risk management for construction professionals.

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